Early Processes 2

1/15/09 Lecture 2 - Early Processes

Heliograph - Translation "sunwriting"

Niepce - The first person we can really credit with the first image
- First process

Daguerreotype - Daguerre uses Niepce's notes
- mirrored silver surface on a plate
- they were "one of a kind" and very sharp
- hard to find a authentic one today

Mathew Brady Studio - photographer (1855) had one of the first studios in the United States

Union Cases - hold Daguerreotypes and hair of your lover!

Memento Mari - Images of dead children

Image - Referring to an image shown in class of a Daguerreotype of Fugitive Slave Law Convention, New York, 1850

Calotype - "beautiful print"

- has a negative
- not very sharp

Albumen - making a print

- egg whites bond silver to paper
- Le Gray "Salt waxed trees" image

Collodion - Invented by ???
- effective way of making many copies

Larkin - Known photographer of today
- uses wet plate process

Ambrotype - top photography method in Europe
- on glass
- used in union cases

Tintype - photo on a thin iron plate
- affordable

Cyanotype - blue
- evolves into blueprints

Carte de Visite - Visiting Card
- used between men and women who courted each other
- Cartes de Visite Camera - 1876
- people collected them
- this is when an early form of scrapbooking started

Travel log - not a process, but a idea
- Du Camp - sent by French gov't to Egypt
- first photo book
- exotic places

Sterograph - primitive camera - 1874
- stereo camera
- home entertainment

Kodak Brownie (1900) - shutter speed dropping to seconds now
- roll film is invented
- Brownie was a camera anyone could afford and use

weblinks:

http://www.kodak.com/US/en/corp/features/brownieCam/

http://ancestorville.com/ambrotypephotographs.html

http://stereographer.com/index.html

http://www.nicephore-niepce.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collodion_process

Notes by Kathyrn Todd

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