Photo Secessionists 7

posted by Allison Carswell

Photo Secesionists (early 1900s)
Camera clubs were popular; some photographers began to separate it from looking like art and make it it's own form of art rather than imitate traditional media (painting, drawing)
Alfred Steglitz was inspired by European art and wanted to move the art world to New York (Gallery 291)

Clarence White - photo teacher; worked with Steglitz on the "Camera Work" photo magazine

  • Miss Grace (1898)
  • Raindrops (1903) - an experiment with cropping and abstraction
  • The Torso of Ms. Thompson (1907) - shocking because she does not represent a goddess or a virtue, just a regular nude woman
  • Columbia College (1910) - pictoralist style

Elvin Coborn - "Ashcan" group, liked "real" American pictures

  • Place de la Concord Paris (1904) - used a chrome process to create color
  • Station Roofs (1910) - modernist view of a New York scene
  • The Octopus (1912) - experimentation with form, cropping and line
  • Woolworth Building (1912) - showing the new architecture of NY at the time
  • Flatiron Building (1919)
  • Vortograph (1917) - invented/used a kaleidoscope lens to take an abstract photo

Alfred Steglitz - credited with having changed the definition of photography as a "window" to the world; the father of US modernism

  • Winter @ 5th Ave. (1892)
  • The Terminal (1893) - showing movement
  • Reflections (1897) - part of a photo journal, first of its kind
  • The Hand of Man (1902) - a photo that is untouched by pictoralist methods; represents the bright future of human accomplishments in technology and science
  • The Steerage (1907) - social commentary on the difference in class systems (upper class on the deck, lower class in the brig like luggage)
  • Spiritual America (1923) - showing a gelded (castrated) horse that represents the fruitlessness of human lives in the city
  • Equivalent series (1927) - abstract cloud photos that focus on the tone and shapes in the image rather than a singular focus (modernist)
  • Hands of Georgia O'Keefe (1930) - She was his lover/wife

Edward Steichen - Steglitz's "right hand man" who was a pictoralist; WWII Navy photographer; created "Family of Man" photo book; used platinum instead of silver for emulsion

  • Self Portrait (1904) - showing himself as a painter
  • Flatiron Building (1905)
  • The Pond Moonlight (1904) - autochrome; was a high-selling print
  • Marlene Dietrich (1932) - Hollywood-style glamor photo

Paul Strand - studied with Hine

  • Blind Woman (1915)
  • Wire Wheel (1917) - an abstract piece and composition study
  • Rebecca (1923) - lover
  • Church (1931) - a piece of found cubism in the Midwest
  • Lusseti family - social commentary against facism

Edward Weston

  • Two Shells (1927) - focus on the form, not the actual subject
  • Pepper #30 (1930) - looks like a human nude form or organic shape
  • Cabbage Leaf (1931)
  • White Radish (1933)
  • Pelican (1942) - a morbid photo taken near the end of his life

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